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  1. #1

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    Albanian Lictor Youth

    Albanian Lictor Youth (Albanian: Djelmnia e Liktorit Shqiptar,Italian:Gioventù del Littorio Albanese, abbreviated G.L.A.) was a youth organization, the youth wing of the Albanian Fascist Party. The Albanian Youth of the Lictor was one of the associated organizations of the Albanian Fascist Party, as stipulated in its statute, which was formulated in a decree of the Italian vicegerent issued on June 2, 1939.

    Giovanni Giro, an Italian fascist official, had been sent to Albania to organize a fascist youth movement there prior to the Italian annexation of the country. However, these efforts had been largely unsuccessful. On the contrary, his activities created various diplomatic incidents.

    Following the Italian invasion of Albania in April 1939, Achille Starace, a leading fascist organizer, was sent to Albania to set up the Albanian Fascist Party and the Albanian Fascist Youth. ENGA, an Albanian youth organization modelled after the Italian Opera Nazionale Balillaorganization merged into GLA. After the founding of the GLA, Giro remained the main organizer of the movement. The GLA was modelled after the Italian Youth of the Lictor, and was politically under the command of its Italian counterpart. The uniforms of GLA were similar to those used in Italy. Girls were organized in Female Youth of the Lictor (Gioventù Femminile del Littorio) and boys under fourteen years of age were organized in Balilla groups. Parallel to the Youth of the Lictor there were also groups of university fascists, but these groups were rather marginal as Albania had few universities.

    The Italian authorities built a marble palace for the GLA in Tirana, in the same complex as the Casa del Fascio, one of a series of lavish façades that popped up in the city during Italian rule.

    Ramiz Alia, who served as head of state of Albania in 1985-1992, had been a member of the fascist youth movement, but later left it and in 1943 he joined the Communist resistance movement.
    (Text from English wikipedia)

    Photos from the book Albaniens Wiedergeburt, published 1942 in Austria:

    Untitled-Scanned-09.jpg . Untitled-Scanned-10.jpg . Untitled-Scanned-11.jpg


    More photos later.

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  2. #2

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    House of the Albanian youth in Tirana

    In the east side, of what today is called “Mother Teresa Square”, a building [marble palace] was erected for the Albanian Lictor Youth, “4.” on the map.


    Untitled-Scanned-03.jpg . tirana center.jpg
    “House of the Albanian youth in Tirana” 1942

    house.png
    2010

  3. #3

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    Albanian Youth

    Untitled-Scanned-05.jpg
    "Music band of the Albanian youth" [Looks like navy youth] 1942

    Untitled-Scanned-04.jpg
    "Albanian girls dancing" 1942

    Untitled-Scanned-06.jpg
    "Female youth marching in Tirana" 1942

    Untitled-Scanned-02.jpg
    "Young Albanian fighters marching in passo romano" [Roman step - Goose step] 1942
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  4. #4

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    A little propaganda

    A little propaganda (1942)

    Untitled-Scanned-07.jpg
    “Albanian and Italian flags blowing in the same wind”

    Untitled-Scanned-08.jpg
    "Albanian boy greeting the Roman way"
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  5. #5

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    The Albanian Kingdom 1939-1943

    A little additional information on the Italian occupation:

    The Albanian Kingdom (1939-1943) (Gheg Albanian: Mbretnija Shqiptare, Standard Albanian: Mbretëria Shqiptare, Italian: Regno albanese) existed as a protectorate of the Kingdom of Italy.

    It was practically a union between Italy and Albania, officially led by Italy's King Victor Emmanuel III and its government: Albania was led by Italian governors, after being militarily occupied by Italy, from 1939 until 1943. During this time, Albania ceased to exist as an independent country and remained as an autonomous part of the Italian Empire led by Italian government officials, who intended to make Albania part of a Greater Italy by assimilating Albanians as Italians and colonizing Albania with Italian settlers from the Italian Peninsula to transform it gradually into an Italian land.

    In the Treaty of London during World War I, the Triple Entente had promised Italy central and southern Albania as a possession as a reward for fighting alongside the Entente. In June 1917, after Italian soldiers seized control of substantial areas of Albania, Italy formally declared a protectorate over central and southern Albania; however this was overturned in September 1920 when Italy was pressured to remove its army from Albania. Italy was enraged with the minimal gains that she received from peace negotiations, which she regarded as having violated the Treaty of London.

    Italian Fascists claimed that Albanians were ethnically linked to Italians through links with the prehistoric Italiotes, Illyrian and Roman populations, and that the major influence exerted by the Roman and Venetian empires over Albania justified Italy's right to possess it. Italy also justified the annexation of Albania on the basis that because several hundred thousand people of Albanian descent had been absorbed into society in southern Italy already, that the incorporation of Albania was a reasonable measure that would unite people of Albanian descent into one state.

    Italy supported Albanian irredentism, directed against the predominantly Albanian-populated Kosovo in Yugoslavia and Epirus in Greece, particularly the border area of Chameria, inhabited by the Cham Albanian minority.
    (From English Wikipedia)

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  6. #6
    A great tutorial on this organization that I had no knowledge of. Thank you for the article Henrik.

  7. #7
    great research into a virtually unknown area of the war, great pics and data. What insignia IF ANY DID THEY USE probably some out there but no recognized

  8. #8

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    Quote Originally Posted by PAUL AYERST View Post
    great research into a virtually unknown area of the war, great pics and data. What insignia IF ANY DID THEY USE probably some out there but no recognized
    This is the only item I have been able to find, the symbol of the G.L.A.

    GLA-Albanian_Lictor_Youth_symbol.png

  9. #9

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    "Ask, and it will be given you.
    Seek, and you will find.
    Knock, and it will be opened for you.

    For everyone who asks receives.
    He who seeks finds.
    To him who knocks it will be opened."


    The organisation and uniforms of the Albanian Lictor Youth (GLA) were similar to the Italian Lictor Youth (GIL), except that the caps/fez of GAL were white, and not black like GIL caps.

    Albania.jpg . download-2.jpg . download-4.jpg

  10. #10

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    Youth camp in Durres, Albania, September 1940. Il Campo Dux di Durazzo.

    Il Campo Dux di Durazzo (Video)

    fez.jpg
    White fez (from the video)


    mgla4.jpg

    Medal from the camp
    (photo from http://miles.forumcommunity.net/)

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